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Facts and Figures about Madrid

Society, politics, demography, geography, social sciences and other stuff about Madrid.

See the left menu for the category you're interested in. Below are my "Top Ten Facts" about the capital of Spain.

#1. Strange cows occasionally appear on the streets...

Cows in Madrid  Cow number two

#2. Madrid is one of the fastest growing cities in Europe

Over 6 million people live in the 'Comunidad' (up by a million since 1998) and about 3.8 million of them in the city itself, which is growing fast, helped by Spain's relatively strong economic outlook and a large influx of immigrants from Eastern Europe and South America. It is the third largest city in the EU after London and Paris and the fourth largest metropolitan area.

#3. Romanians are the largest ethnic group in Madrid

They numbered 148,000+ according to the 2006 census. Ecuadorians came in second (137,000) and Moroccans third (68,000).

#4. Madrid is the highest of all European capitals

Built on the plateau between a series of small mountains the city's average altitude is 655 metres (2,100 feet) above sea level, its highest point being 694 metres, The average barometric pressure is 707 mm.

#5. All Spanish roads lead to Madrid

Well, not quite. But the Puerta del Sol / Plaza Mayor area represents the centre of the radial network of Spanish main roads, which is why the main motorway exit signs are all numbered by the distance from Sol (rather than, say, 1, 2, 3, 4 etc.).

#6. Madrid has the oldest restaurant in the world

It's called Casa Botín and was founded in 1725. It is believed that Goya worked there as a youth, washing dishes - not cooking, fortunately for the guests. Click here for a brief run down of some of the best restaurants and tapas bars in Madrid.

#7. It's scorchio hot in July / August but there is often snow in winter

Be prepared to sweat if you come in the height of summer, the highest recorded temperature in Madrid was 42.2C (that's 108 F in old money) although humidity is generally low, but bring a sweater in winter, lowest recorded temperature was -14.8C (5.4 F). The average annual temperature in the shade is 13C (55 F).

#8. The only statue in the world dedicated to the Devil is in Retiro Park

Standing in Plaza del Ángel Caído (fallen angel) it was made in 1877 by Ricardo Beliver for his patron Duke Fernán Gómez and sits at 666m altitude above sea level. Spooky.

#9. The highest building in the city is Torre Repsol

Designed by architect Norman Foster, it stands at 45 stories, 250 m (820 ft) high and was inaugurated in 2007.

#10. Real Madrid football club have won more European Cups than than any other team

The white storm have won a total of 9 European Cups / Champions League trophies as well as 2 UEFA Cups, 29 National Championships and 17 Copa del Rey's. Atlético de Madrid's record is less grand with 9 National Championships, 9 Copa del Rey's and one European Cup Winners' Cup.

#Bonus Fact. Important people live in Madrid

Madrid-Uno for example...